Pediatric Dentistry


"Every child has a fundamental right to his total oral health. The society has an obligation to fulfill this faith.”

Pediatric dentistry is an age-defined specialty that provides both primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, including those with special health care needs.

Department Profile:

Pediatric dentistry encompasses a variety of disciplines, techniques, procedures, and skills that share a common basis with other specialties, but are modified and adapted to the unique requirements of infants, children, adolescents, and those with special health care needs.

By being an age-specific specialty, pediatric dentistry encompasses disciplines such as behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, Dental treatment of child under General Anesthesia and hospital dentistry, as well as other traditional fields of dentistry. These skills are applied to the needs of children through¬out their ever-changing stages of development and to treating conditions and diseases unique to growing individuals.

Mission Statement:

To inform and advance research and policy development that will promote optimal children’s oral health and care.

Dr. Shrirang Sevekar M.D.S, Reader
He is a under graduate teacher who has 5 years of teaching experience. He has participated in many national conference; presented posters and papers. He also has scientific publication to his credit. He has lectured and has been a part of the continuing education programmes. He has done a research on Amorphous calcium phosphate as an alternative liner – An in vivo study (Published in Malaysian Dental Journal: 2009, 29(1)25-30)

Dr. Jha Mihir Kumar Nawal M.D.S, Sr. Lecturer
He is a committed teacher and has participated in many national conferences; presented posters and papers. He has secured a 1st prize in poster presentation in a scientific conference. He has done a research on “comparative evaluation of different radiographic technique CT scan, Radiovisiography, conventional radiography in Measurement of pulp chamber size, distance of furcation, Root canal length in first permanent mandibular molar - An invitro study “

Dr. Poonam Shingare M.D.S, Sr. Lecturer
She is a committed teacher and has participated in many national conferences; presented posters and papers.

Dr. Laresh Mistry M.D.S, Sr. Lecturer

PIT & FISSURE SEALENT:

Sealants are placed to prevent plaque accumulation on teeth and thereby prevents occurrence of dental caries (decay).

EARLY CHILD HOOD / NURSING BOTTLE CARIES:

This condition occurs because of faulty practice in feeding (bottle/breast) resulting in early and rapid involvement of dental decay.

TRAUMA:

Young infants and children are very susceptible to trauma of oral cavity and jaws. It can occur from a simple form like chipping of the tooth structure or as extensive as avulsion.

Most of the injuries are because of sports followed by road traffic accidents, negligence of school authorities, parents etc. So proper guidelines should be given to parents and school teachers regarding the same. Special emphasis is given for the same in our department.

CROWDING:

When teeth are not aligned properly it causes crowding.

ENDODONTICS:

When decay progresses deep, there is pus formation inside the teeth, and this infection has to be removed by a procedure called root canal treatment.

STAINLESS STEEL CROWN:

To increase the longevity of root canal treated tooth, crowns (stainless steel, cast metal) are placed on these teeth.

SPACE MAINTAINERS:

Soon after the extraction of milk teeth sometimes the space has to be maintained, Otherwise it causes drifting of the adjacent teeth leading to space loss. Erupting new teeth may not have enough space so space maintainers are given to prevent crowding of teeth.

HABITS:

Habits like thumb sucking, lip biting is more common in children which have to be stopped to prevent further dental problems.

FLUORIDE APPLICATION:

Special Children: Mentally and Physically challenged, Blind, Deaf and Dumb. Children with special oral health care needs are given utmost importance for the treatment of the same.

HOME CARE:

Home care begins from the very early stages of infancy through adolescence.
Cleaning of gum pads for infants can be started within first week of birth.
Take small gauze [2"X 2"] or clean cloth between thumb and fore finger and wipe vigorously over the ridge of the baby’s top and bottom jaws for 2 to 3 minutes.
Now a days, specially designed tooth brushes, finger cots and wipes are available for infants which can also be used. Clean the gum pads regularly after every feed or at least twice daily, in the morning and at night.

It is also advisable to feed baby with water after every milk feeding.
Parents should insist on good brushing habits at an early age that is when the teeth start erupting in oral cavity.

BRUSHING:

It is advisable to brush the teeth twice daily, in the morning and before bed time at night. A soft bristled tooth brush and tooth paste [approximately Pea Sized] should be squeezed. The child must brush the teeth in up and down and circular motion, cleaning all the teeth in the oral cavity. It should be followed by cleaning of tongue either with a brush or tongue cleaner.